La guía definitiva para vivir en Londres

Living in London can be expensive, lonely and tiring, but it’s still worth it. Or rather, it depends. For anyone considering moving to London, here’s a my ultimate and oh so personal guide to London life, including all the pros and cons.

Horizonte de Londres

¿Es una buena idea mudarse a Londres ahora, teniendo en cuenta la pandemia de coronavirus?

Yes and no. It’s complicated.

We all know that we should only leave our homes if it’s absolutely essential. Alas, sometimes we have no choice other than to move abroad. And relatively speaking, London isn’t a bad place to move to right now.

If you have to move countries now and can’t delay the move, then yes, London is not a bad place to be. This depends on where exactly you live and your personal circumstances, of course.

Currently, anyone living in the UK can only go out if it’s essential. And in case you were wondering, este documento policial explains what constitutes ‘essential’.

El Reino Unido tiene un sistema de salud pública, el Servicio Nacional de Salud, que realmente está luchando. Sin embargo, en comparación con muchos países en desarrollo, el NHS está haciendo un trabajo increíble.

Las compras de comestibles en línea no siempre son posibles, ya que las personas se apresuran a reservar tragamonedas durante tres semanas más tarde. Si bien los supermercados tienen largas colas y han introducido sistemas de colas unidireccionales y estrictas medidas de higiene, las tiendas más pequeñas están bien abastecidas en general. La mayoría de los amigos que conozco están bien, sin embargo, otros que trabajan en turnos largos realmente han tenido dificultades.

Las escuelas permanecen cerradas, pero algunas escuelas estatales se han abierto solo para los hijos de trabajadores esenciales.

Alas, now more than ever, life in a poorer district of central London varies a lot to life in the leafier, more affluent suburbs. It’s personal and like anywhere, quality of life right now depends on so many factors: grocery shops in your area, if you can work from home, your home space, your local hospital, who you live with…

London Hyde Park

¿Qué debo saber antes de mudarme a Londres?

Before you move to London, investigate the area where you’ll be working. Averigua tu viaje, and also factor in the journey to your children’s school or daycare if appropriate. The speed and comfort of your daily commute makes such a difference to your life experience in London.

Planifica tu presupuesto. Think about how much you’ll need to get by. Don’t forget extras such as flights to visit family, healthcare and education (the UK offers ‘free’ state education and healthcare but you might want to go private… see below for more).

Asegúrese de que tener su papeleo en orden. Haga copias de su contrato de trabajo o evidencia de un lugar en la universidad, así como copias de su pasaporte, contrato de alquiler, facturas de servicios públicos y otros documentos importantes. Si es apropiado, traduzca al inglés y apostillado. In the UK we don’t have national IDs, but we do have a National Insurance Number. If you don’t have yours already, you may need to solicitar uno antes de trabajar o solicitar un préstamo o beneficios del gobierno.

Comuníquese en línea antes de mudarse a conectarse con personas que ya viven allí. As well as making friends, they will have invaluable information and tips for your new London life. It’s also comforting to meet a mix of fellow expats experiencing the same challenges, as well as friends from your home country.

Descargar Google Maps of your home and work locations. That way when you arrive fresh into town you won’t get lost.

Al llegar a Londres compre una tarjeta SIM de pago por uso local o un plan de datos. It’s really important to have a local mobile number if you want new friends to reach you and so you don’t spend a fortune via roaming to keep in touch with friends and family from back home . Yes free WiFi is widely available, but not everywhere.

Nadie vive realmente en Londres, viven en una parte de él. Don’t feel obliged to visit every tourist site immediately. Get to know your neighbourhood. And when life gets too hectic, escape to the country. Book train tickets in advance to explore the rest of the UK. Bristol, York, Edinburgh… I could go on and on.

Cuidado con las estafas de alquiler y terratenientes poco fiables. Trabaje solo con un agente de alquiler reconocido. Nunca acepte un trato de apretón de manos; siempre insista en un contrato y asegúrese de leer la letra pequeña.

Pack warm clothes and an umbrella (‘brolly’). Pack warm and waterproof clothes. Even a summer night can get very chilly if you’re used to warmer climes.

Cuando llegas, regístrese con su médico general local (GP). You need to see a GP before any medical treatments or seeing a specialist. If you’re not registered it really complicates matters. All you need to do is take a proof of address and some ID (e.g. your passport) to your nearest clinic (we call them surgeries even though they don’t carry out surgery). You can find your nearest surgery on the Índice NHS.

If you’re staying any length of time, abrir una cuenta bancaria en el Reino Unido. Puede desperdiciar mucho dinero retirando efectivo en el Reino Unido si su banco le cobra una tarifa. yot is free to open a bank account – unless you’re looking for a credit card account, be suspicious if charges are mentioned. Personally I like A escala nacional, which offers simple and efficient banking (especially online). Whatsmore, it’s free for FlexPlus customers to withdraw cash abroad, (although a 2.75 per cent fee applies if you buy anything with the card). However, once you leave the UK permanently you’ll be charged a monthly fee and it might be best to close the account.

Londoners might not be the friendliest (venture north if you want to see more smiles), but on the whole, they’re still polite. We British take our please and thank yous very seriously. If you forget your manners, chances are a Londoner will remind you. Ser cortés.

Se paciente. Don’t expect to adapt to London overnight. It takes time and patience to settle in and find your way around town. Londoners might seem cold or reserved, but generally they’re just busy. Don’t take it personally.

Para más consejos, lea esta publicación con consejos de los locales de Londres.

Clima de Londres

What’s the best way to get around in London?

Unless you live far in the suburbs, chances are you won’t need a car. In fact having a car could be a nuisance. Driving in London is stressful and expensive. There are congestion charges for travel to much of the city and car parking is both pricey and hard to find.

For the underground metro (known as the ‘tube’), paying by contactless on your credit card works out the same price as a pay as you go travel card (Oyster card). However, if you have kids aged 11-15 get an Oyster Zip Card for free and discounted travel. Underground train services finish at midnight, or even earlier, so plan your night out or use Uber to get around.

The underground is free for children but it’s not always very comfortable. I’d highly advise against travel with kids at rush hour. Also, beware many stations don’t have escalators or lifts, and even if they do they are often out of order. Transport by bus is generally more convenient with kids or have a disability.

Some underground lines are notoriously delayed (circle and central line, I’m looking at you…) but others, such as the Jubilee, tend to work well. Even better, overground routes offer a little daylight in a very sun deprived city.

When planning your journey, think in terms of public transport routes rather than distance alone. A commute on the District Light Railway from East London right across the city might work out faster than a 5km trip to the local school. Conversely, sometimes it’s faster to cycle or walk than take an underground train (locals will snigger if you take a tube from Leicester Square to Covent Garden, for example).

Metro de Londres

¿Vivir en Londres es caro?

Sí, aunque hay algunas formas de evitarlo.

Los mercados locales son una forma maravillosa de ahorrar dinero y abastecerse de excelentes productos. Por supuesto, dependiendo de dónde viva y sus horas de trabajo, puede que no sea conveniente comprar en los mercados.

El transporte público es muy, muy caro. Londres tiene el transporte público más caro del mundo y también es el lugar más costoso para alquilar un automóvil. Viajar en autobús en lugar del metro (también conocido como metro) puede reducir los costos significativamente. Aún mejor, andar en bicicleta o caminar. El ciclismo puede dar un poco de miedo en las zonas congestionadas de Londres. Deje suficiente espacio para los autobuses y camiones que podrían no verlo, siempre use equipo de alta visibilidad y planifique su viaje con anticipación, optando por rutas más tranquilas y calles laterales siempre que sea posible.

Comer en Londres puede acumular facturas locas, pero una vez más, si tiene el presupuesto, puede valer la pena. Londres tiene algunos de los mejores restaurantes. in the world. That’s not to say cheap eats aren’t great too. A picnic in borough market, a curry in Tooting, dumplings in Chinatown… I miss dining out in London a lot.

There’s no getting away from it though. Rent in London doesn’t come cheap. In fact, it’s la sexta ciudad más cara del mundo para alquilar.

Por un lado positivo, la mayoría de los museos y galerías son gratuitos. Incluso las atracciones que pagan tarifas ofrecen reducciones especiales en ciertos días y para estudiantes.

Ambiente de Londres

¿Cuánto necesitas para vivir en Londres? ¿Qué es un buen salario?

¿30k es un buen salario? ¿50k es un buen salario? ¿Que tan larga es una pieza de cordon?

While personal lifestyle dictates what constitutes a good salary in any location, there are some guidelines on how much you’ll need to get by in London.

De acuerdo a un estudio de la revista Time Out, Londoners reckon you need to earn £52,859.67 a year to live in London. But this figure depends on whom you ask. Londoners on less than £20,000 think you need £46,571, and those earning more than £100,000 think you need at least £79,576. So the more Londoners earn, the more they think they necesitas ganar.

To throw some more figures at you, the national living wage (the minimum wage) in London is set at £8.21 per hour. The average salary works out at around £38,272. There’s huge discrepancy between lower and higher earners though, with the average earnings of the top 0.1% exceeding £990,000.
Mews de Londres

To break down the cost of living in London…

Viviendas

A two-bedroom apartment in the centre will cost you around £3,000 per month. This is very approximate though – in the most expensive area of London a similar sized apartment could cost upwards of £35,000 per month, whereas with a bit of luck you might be able to find something very, very basic for £1,000 in a less fancy neighbourhood.

Las cosas se vuelven menos caras a medida que te alejas del centro, pero todavía hay bolsillos caros aquí también. Echa un vistazo a sitios como Zoopla y Movimiento derecho para tener una idea

Salir a cenar

A good meal out without alcohol will set you back around £30 per person, but you can grab a take away for around £7. Meanwhile, you could easily burn £100 per person in a restaurante de alta cocina.

LOGÍSTICA

A single ticket on London’s underground within the most central district will set you back £4.90. A daily travel card will cost you £7.20.

Those living out in the suburbs could face a whopping £3,000 per year in annual travel costs, but even then it could still be worth it. Aquí está un mapa que compara los costos del viajero).

Driving in London isn’t just stressful, it’s expensive too. Expect to pay £11.50 per day to drive within London’s zona de congestión during peak hours. It’s rare to drive within London, at least in the central parts of town.

Comestibles

I don’t think groceries are badly priced compared to other cities I’ve lived in. Markets tend to work out cheaper than supermarkets, which in turn tend to work out cheaper than out of hours corner shops.

Oprima acá. para un desglose más detallado del costo de vida en Londres.

Salud

Los tratamientos del Servicio Nacional de Salud (NHS) son gratuitos para cualquier extranjero en los siguientes casos:

tratamiento en un hospital Departamento de accidentes y emergencias
seeing a General Practitioner (GP) – but only as an NHS or temporary patient
servicios de planificación familiar
tratamiento para ciertas enfermedades infecciosas
tratamiento psiquiátrico obligatorio

Si puede obtener otros servicios gratuitos del NHS depende de la duración y el propósito de su estadía en el Reino Unido, no de su nacionalidad. Hacer clic acá. to see if you’re entitled to free NHS healthcare.

Educación

En el Reino Unido, la educación es obligatoria entre los cinco y los dieciséis años. En comparación con el resto del mundo, la educación estatal gratuita es realmente buena por el momento.

Like most things, the quality of state education depends on the area. Alas, in much of the UK, this ‘postcode lottery’ can determine the future of the child. Good quality schools hike up local house prices, leaving parents competing to live in the most prized ‘catchment areas’. With preference going to children living nearby the school, many ‘free’ state schools are anything but.

If you’re lucky enough to be relocating with a full expat package you might still choose to send your children to a fee paying school (confusingly known as ‘public schools’). For example, if your child doesn’t speak English fluently or they’re used to a specific country education system, they might settle in better in an international school setting. While religious state schools do exist, some parents choose to pay a premium for a private, religious school.

Fee paying schools generally offer the option of weekly or termly boarding. Some parents, for example those in the military or constantly on the move, choose to send their children to boarding schools for the stability, as well as the level of education on offer. Boarding schools are not all lumpy porridge and cold showers, but they do vary hugely in quality and price. Don’t assume a high fee equals a high quality education.

Para comparar escuelas individuales, puede hacer clic en acá. para acceder a las tablas de clasificación de las escuelas de todo el Reino Unido.

Cuidado de niños

The average cost of a full-time day nursery in London is around £280 per week for a child younger than two. However it can be much, much more depending on the area in which you live. I know one friend who paid £90 per day for her kindergarten. Fees tend to decline as your child ages (younger children need more attention whereas older kids are more independent).

As for childminders, they tend to work out a little cheaper, from £250 per week. Again it very much depends on the area in which you live.

Live in nannies cost from £350 per week, and day nannies cost more, from around £500 per week. The sky is the limit here though, and a agencia de niñera de alta calidad, costará mucho, mucho más.

Another option is to hire an au pair. By law au pairs must be paid at least £70 for a 25 hours working week. This increases to £85 per week if they work 30 hours. And you’ll need to pay babysitting, board and lodging, as well as extras such as their meal when you go out together. Many employers pay transport and study costs as well. It’s worth remembering that au pairs are not necessarily qualified, so might be unsuitable for caring for babies and very young children.

Pub de Londres

¿Cuáles son las ventajas y desventajas de vivir en Londres?

Las principales ventajas que diría son:

Oportunidades profesionales

While Bristol, Manchester and Edinburgh are just a few of the UK’s great regional cities, there is nowhere in the UK with the same level of career opportunities than London.

Atracciones culturales

Hay museos, galerías y centros culturales en todo Londres. En pocas palabras, es imposible aburrirse en esta ciudad. Desde instituciones de fama mundial, como el Museo Británico, hasta ventanas emergentes al azar, el único inconveniente puede ser la abrumadora riqueza de opciones. FOMO es una gran cosa en Londres.

Alimentación

Yes, I know the UK doesn’t have a great reputation when it comes to food, but the Las ofertas culinarias en Londres son de primera categoría. Whether you’re into sloppy pizza, elegant sushi or the most obscure central asian dish you can think of, you won’t go hungry in London (assuming you can afford it, of course).

Personas

Si bien los lugareños pueden tener un exterior de acero y no sonreír en público, los londinenses son divertidos. Londres atrae a algunas de las personas más talentosas, interesantes, inteligentes y honestamente divertidas del mundo.

Inglés

If you’re a non native speaker, living in London is the best way to learn the language. Yes, there are a lot of foreigners in London (and that’s why it’s such a cool city), but if you really make an effort to meet new people it’s the best way to improve your lingo.

If your moving over with kids, it’s a brilliant opportunity for them to learn English super fast.

British Museum

And as for the downsides…

Costo de la vida

Yep, the cost of living in London is so high that your salary might not make living in London worthwhile. Rent and transport are just stupidly expensive compared to other cities I’ve lived in.

Tiempo

If you’re relocating from a sunny country it can take a while to get used to the grey mornings, rain and generally dreary weather. But on the bright side, summer sunshine London is such a special occasion that everyone goes a bit bonkers (in a good way).

Instalándose en

London can feel like an awesome party… that you’re not invited to. Londoners can be reserved, standoffish and too busy to socialise with newcomers. London is so big that it can be really hard to meet people, especially in central London.

La ciudad es tan grande que puede tomar un tiempo encontrar el camino. La mayoría de las personas que conozco creen que lleva tres años recorrer la ciudad y, aun así, Londres siempre es una curva de aprendizaje.

¿Es seguro vivir en Londres?

Yes. If you’re relocating from a hardship location, chances are you’ll feel very safe in London.

Of course, there are some neighbourhoods which experience higher than average levels of crime. As a newcomer to the city you might want to avoid them after dark. You should still be cautious in ‘safe’ areas, for example if you’re a woman avoid travelling on your own through a park at night.

Como cualquier ciudad, debe estar en guardia contra los carteristas en las zonas turísticas. Covent Garden, Leicester Square, Oxford Street y alrededor de los principales sitios turísticos como el London Eye, el Big Ben, etc. son los principales objetivos.

Con todo, Londres es una ciudad ocupada, bulliciosa, divertida y segura. Durante los tres años que viví en Londres, nunca experimenté ningún delito. Lo peor que tuve fue un grito de una pandilla por la noche mientras caminaba por una zona supuestamente peligrosa de Londres.

Big Ben

¿Dónde no debería vivir en Londres? ¿Cuáles son las áreas malas?

You would really be missing out if you avoid all areas deemed unsafe in London. Sure, get your bearings in town before you start exploring too wildly, ask locals for their thoughts, but don’t avoid vaste areas of London out of irrational fear.

Estadísticamente hablando, los distritos con la tasa más alta de delitos con armas y cuchillos son Southwark y Lambeth. Otros distritos de Londres con altas tasas de criminalidad con armas y cuchillos incluyen Brent, Haringey y Hackney.

Sin embargo, estas son áreas enormes, y realmente depende de dónde vayas dentro de ellas. Las partes supuestamente peligrosas de Londres a menudo son algunas de las áreas más de moda, con Hackney en particular obteniendo una reputación de pasar un rato hipster.

Lo mismo se aplica a Peckham y Brixton. Estos son vecindarios maravillosos, vibrantes y coloridos, pero albergan graves problemas de drogas y pandillas en muchas partes.

If you’re new in town you might also feel unsafe in parts of Hounslow, Newham, West Croydon, Bromley, Streatham and New Cross.

Sin embargo, viví cerca de Neasden por algún tiempo. Esta área tenía una muy mala reputación por el crimen y, sin embargo, nunca enfrenté ningún problema.

In fact the area with the highest crime rate in London is Westminster. The reasoning behind this is not gang related bust ups but pickpocketing – Westminster is the most touristy part of London.

Para obtener más información sobre dónde vivir en Londres, puede leer mi guía para alquilar en Londres. acá. .

Shoreditch

Con todo, ¿vale la pena vivir en Londres?

De acuerdo a un Encuesta de Deutsche Bank, Londres se ubica en el triste puesto 41 de 56 entre otras ciudades globales. El costo de vida es terrible.

Nevertheless, it’s very personal.

Si su salario lo pone en una situación difícil, si enfrenta un viaje largo o agotador a su oficina y trabaja largas horas, Londres puede sentirse bastante deprimente.

Por otro lado, si aprecias la cultura y salir a cenar, o quieres progresar en tu carrera, Londres definitivamente vale la pena.

Holidays tend be more generous than in the US, so if you’re American, a spell in London is a great means to explore the rest of the UK too. York, Edimburgo, los Cotswolds, Bristol, el Distrito de los Lagos… there are so many wonderful places to visit, many of which can be seen on a weekend away.

If you’re young, free and single London offers a great experience. If you’re married with children and can afford to live in a good neighbourhood it’s a great opportunity too.

As an expat you might not want to live in London long term. I very much doubt that you’d want to live in the same part of London forever, but a few years in the capital is a wonderful opportunity.

vista desde el museo Tate

¿Qué trampas turísticas debo evitar?

OK, podría ofender a algunas personas, pero voto que debería evitar lo siguiente:

  • Restaurantes en Leicester Square (o cualquier cosa allí)
  • Comprar en Oxford Street (a menos que te guste la sensación de diez personas pegadas a tu cadera)
  • Vue cinemas (unless you’re a teenage gangster)
  • Rickshaws (even if you’re drunk, they’re not worth it)
  • Madame Tussauds (¿hace cola por millas para ver gente de plástico? ¿En serio?)
  • Harrods (I do wonder if only foreigners shop in Harrods… There are so many better options – Harvey Nichols, Joseph, Liberty London…)

Kew Gardens

Any blogs or websites you’d recommend for newbies in London?

To keep abreast of what’s on, read Tiempo Out London,el archivo MXNUMXXNUMX que quiere cargar en la app London Evening Standard (it’s a free magazine given away on the underground and other public places), El londinense y Londres secreto

En términos de blogs aspiracionales, echa un vistazo Liberty London Girl, Amapola ama, El londinense y Una señora en Londres.

Guide to living in London

Do you live in London or you’re thinking of moving there? Let me know in the comments below.

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